Knowledge is much more than simple memorization and repetition of facts. Rote memorization does not nurture a child's individual skills and abilities. In fact it inhibits, or reduces them. Montessori insisted that knowledge should be made specific enough so that any child of any age can understand.
The Montessori curriculum emphasizes on learning as a process that cannot be determined by a child's age. Learning is a process that is determined by the rate and speed at which a child can acquire one skill before moving on to another skill.
Montessori curriculum focuses on a child's developmental readiness to learn new material rather than assuming all children should learn the same material based on grade level expectations.
Music, art, and movement education are also important parts of the curriculum. They offer children ways to express themselves, their feelings, experiences.
The curriculum is designed based on the needs and tendencies that are predominant in each phase or stage of development a child is in. The curriculum is a framework through which the children move as they keep acquiring skills. The emphasis is not on forcing the child to follow the curriculum. Instead the child is guided to follow the curriculum.
Working with each age group according to their developmental readiness, topics of the curriculum are introduced. Topics also arise spontaneously from the students’ own interactions and independent studies. Teachers build on these opportunities, supporting the children’s development of cross cultural competence.